Monday, May 25, 2020
INFANT LEARNING Infant learning and brain development is fragile and contingent upon numerous intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The most critical time frame for infant brain development is from the second trimester to the first three months of life (Marshall, 2011). During this time, neural pathways are forming, areas of the brain are maturing, and brain development is rapid. From infancy until the age of 3 years, neural pathways are still being formed in response to stimulation and for this reason, it is extremely important for caregivers and parents to be aware of the many factors that can influence brain development in infants (Marshall, 2011). Popular Psychology Common beliefs regarding infant learning tend to focus on the issue ofÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Therefore, the rapidly developing cognitive functions of infants necessitate even more rapid and consistent sleep cycles to foster their learning. Sleep plays a role in the memory consolidation process when the baby is awake. It has not yet been determined if infants can learn while asleep (Tarullo, Balsam Fifer, 2011). Environmental Factors Among the many environmental factors that can affect infant learning, prenatal cigarette exposure has proven to be a topic of interest in behavioral teratology due to the large number of health effects it is associated with. Some of the health effects of prenatal cigarette exposure include: lower birth weight, smaller head circumference, lower IQ, attention dysfunction, hyperactivity and other conduct problems, as well as school failure (Mezzacappa, E., 2011, p. 881-891). There are some human studies that investigate the cognitive deficits related to prenatal cigarette exposure which include: auditory, visual attention, and working memory issues. Social Development Gazing plays a central role in the social and cognitive development of a child. It is documented that from the age of 3 months, a child will begin to develop perceptual learning. An example of this hypothesis was tested with an actor holding a stuffed kitten in front a 1 year old. The 1 year old stared at the kitten longer, therefore the infantÃ¢â¬â¢s desire for what the actor was holding caused the infant to interpret the actorÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior asShow MoreRelatedParental Influence On Children s Cognitive Development1260 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAbstract: The following literature review contains different articles that support how relevant is parental influence on their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive development. Since a child is born, parents play such an important role in their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive development, that failing at doing the proper steps of assuring a correct development in their children affects their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s academic success in life. Parents could make their childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s future goals achievable or almost impossible, and trace theRead MoreFetal Brain Development and the Preterm Infant1554 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFETAL BRAIN DEVELOPMENT AND THE PRETERM INFANT 2 NORMAL FETAL BRAIN DEVELOPMENT Embryonic brain development begins a few weeks after conception through the processes known as gastrulation and neurulation (Gilbert, 2000). During gastrulation the embryo changes from a simple group of cells to a multi-layered organism. Three germ layers are formed during this process: the endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm (Gilbert, 2000). The endoderm is the most inner layer and forms the lining of internalRead MoreThe, The Very Hungry Caterpillar, Wheres Spot?1694 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesresearch studies suggest that reading aloud to infants and toddlers has positive impacts on their brain development. According to the U.S. Department of Education, Ã¢â¬Å"Children develop much of their capacity for learning in the first three years of life, when their brains grow to 90 percent of their eventual adult weightÃ¢â¬ (Start Early, Finish Strong). Seeing that the most substantial brain development occurs during the first three years of life, infants and toddlers should be frequently rea d aloud toRead MoreArticle Review : School Readiness For Infants And Toddlers1076 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesReadiness for Infants and Toddlers? Really? Yes, Really!Ã¢â¬ (Petersen, 2012) demonstrated an interesting point of view to consider for upcoming early childhood educators and teachers. Sandra Petersen, MA a writer and a teacher in the early childhood field have coauthored three early childhood textbooks. She focuses mainly on the infants and toddlers and expresses the importance of having a strong developing brain. With that in mind if children were to have a strong start in their development the brain thenRead MoreEssay Infant Language Development 1662 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescan be inferred through studying linguistic development in children and the cognitive and communicative abilities of primates as discussed by Bridgeman (2003). This essay illustrates the skills infants have that will eventually help them to acquire language. The topics covered are firstly, the biological as pects, the contribution of the human brain to language development? Secondly, key theories of language development will be considered. Is the development innate? Is there a critical period? ThirdlyRead MoreInfancy and Early Childhood Development Essay1157 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesInfancy and Early Childhood Development Samantha Trudeau PSY/375 June 27, 2011 Heather Harrison Infancy and Early Childhood Development An infantÃ¢â¬â¢s brain is something quite similar to a blank video tape. During infancy the child records everything he or she sees and hears. The things that are recorded are stored for later use in life. The way that people behave with the infant as an individual and a family greatly impacts the development of the infant. It is for this reason that itRead MoreThe Elasticity Of Babies And Children s Brains979 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Infants have an incredible mind in that they have the ability to learn and master a language in a relatively quick matter of time. The elasticity of babies and childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s brains is remarkable. It has been quite astonishing to watch my eleven month old niece grow and learn as she studies the things that my family and I say and do. She understands a range of words and sentences even though she is not able to actually articulate them yet. Soon she will be going from a blabbering mumbo jumbo speakingRead More Brain Development in Children Essa y547 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesthe past decade have allowed scientists to study the brain in ways that have led to new understanding about how young children develop. There is a new understanding of both the capabilities and the vulnerabilities of infants and young children and that understanding is has influenced the work of caregivers and teachers. During pregnancy, the basic architecture of the brain is formed. Although, certain experiences do influence the developing brain during pregnancy, such as maternal health and stressRead MoreInnateness of ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s Language Acquisition1371 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe subtlety of language acquisition has been the most fundamental question in the study of linguistics and human development. From Bow-wow Theory to Yo-He-Ho Theory, major theories on the origins and learnability of language have emerged in mid-20th century and heavily debated ever since. Among them, the idea of universal grammar in which is usually credited to linguist Noam Chomsky, remains the most notable and controversial theory over time. He introduced and developed the theory from 1950s toRead MoreThe subtlety of language acquisition has been the most fundamental question in the study of1500 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe subtlety of language acquisition has been the most fundamental question in the study of linguistics and human development. From Bow-wow Theory to Yo-He-Ho Theory, the major theories on language origins and learnability emerged at mid-20th century and has been heavily debated ever since. Among them, the idea of universal grammar in which is usually credited to linguist Noam Chomsky, remains the most notable and controversial theory over time. He introduced and developed the t heory from 1950s
Friday, May 15, 2020
1. Successful leaders typically have the same characteristics; they are dependable, competent, loyal, supportive and they set the example for everyone to see. I think every successful leader follows this philosophy whether they realize it or not. I have worked for several leaders throughout my 21 plus year career and I have seen all different types of leadership styles. I have learned something from every leader I have worked for, whether they were a great leader who I wanted to emulate later on in my career, or the leader that I swore I would never be like. We learn from everyone that we work for, good or bad. 2. Giving positive feedback to people for a job well done is something that is very easy for me to do. I go out of my way to let people know when I think they are doing a good job and publicly recognizing them for their accomplishments. I do my absolute best to the set the example for what I expect out of the people I work with. However, the area that I need to work on the most is Ã¢â¬Å"asking for feedback on how my actions affect other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s performance.Ã¢â¬ I believe I can improve upon this characteristic with more communication with my workforce. Actively listening to my members when change is being made and understanding the implications of my decisions is important and it should have some influence on the decisions being made. 3. During my Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) survey, I received feedback from members of my current unit on leadership traitsShow MoreRelatedDifferent Types Of Leadership Styles1127 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesInfluence, goals, and people is what leadership has been built off of creating variations of different types of leadership traits and styles. Leadership is simply defined as the ability to impact people to obtain a certain goal or accomplishment. In any type of business or corporation, leadership is an overall activity that is only distinctive among people within an organization. Uncertainty is a variation that come with a leadership role. This variation makes a leader a quick thinker and valuesRead MoreDifferent Types Of Leadership Styles976 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThis paper discusses different type of leadership styles. Servant leadership is a leadership that was discovered by Robert K. Greenleaf. Greenleaf founds some key tools on how individuals can serve and be leaders at t he same time while being effective. Many organization use this theory in their organizations rather itÃ¢â¬â¢s for- profit or non- profit. It will be explored on how organizations use this theory and how it works for them as well as what leadership style is used for my particular organizationRead MoreDifferent Types Of Leadership Styles1718 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageskinds of leadership styles used to facilitate the actions of others. Mirriam-Webster.com defines leadership as Ã¢â¬Å"a position as a leader of a group, organization, etcÃ¢â¬ . Another more inclusive definition regarding the leading role is Ã¢â¬Å"managers motivating employees, directing their activities, selecting the most effective communication channels, or resolving conflicts among membersÃ¢â¬ (Robbins, Judge, 2013). If a company or organization suffers from poor, none, or the wrong leadership styles, everyoneRead MoreDifferent Types Of Leadership Styles1799 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesLeadership Styles Different leadership styles There are many different types of leadership styles that are adjusted to suit different roles of jobs. All leadership styles have a direct reasoning to provide direction, as well as motivating individuals. Authoritarian Leadership (also known as autocratic) has a high level of control. It empowers people to follow the directions given. It is frequently considered a classic leadership style and is used when the leader wants to take as much control asRead MoreDifferent Types Of Leadership Styles1288 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthorough research work in how they define leadership and leadership behavior. Leadership students and researchers have described many different types of leadership styles. The democratic and autocratic leadership styles are just two of the most prominent leadership styles that have been identified in leadership literatures. In 1939, a group of researchers led by psychologist Kurt Lewin decided to identify the different types of leadership styles that exist in the modern world. This earlyRead MoreDifferent Types Of Leadership Styles868 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBeing an effective manager means knowing when to use the right management style. The six management styles are coaching, strategic, laissez- faire, bureaucratic, autocratic, and democratic. Managers have to perform many roles in an organization and knowing how they would handle difficult situations will depend on their style of management. The purpose of the paper is to understand a little about all the management styles and then which one best fits my personality and how it should be handled. BeingRead MoreDifferent Types Of Leadership Styles1330 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhat is Leadership? Why are there so many types of Leadership? Which one is the right one? These are all important questions people who are trying to lead ask. John Maxwell a well -known author on leadership stated simply Ã¢â¬Å"Leadership is influenceÃ¢â¬ . There are numerous types of leadership styles, they all have their strong points about them, and depending who you are the circumstances can dictate which type of person with what type of leadership style will be successful. In this paper I will discussRead MoreDifferent Types Of Leaders And Styles Of Leadership1590 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesobligation to be a leader (Dufour, Marzano, 2011). Leadership defined by Owen (2002) is, Ã¢â¬Å"A journey of discovery. It is the expression of a person at his or her best whose aim is to transform something for the better and to develop this potential in others. It is not a solitary pursuit but one that harnesses the energy of those around you. Leadership is a process in which leaders and followers engage to achieve mutual goals. Prentice (2004) defines leadership as the accomplishment of a goal through theRead MoreEssay about different types of leadership styles9138 W ords Ã |Ã 37 Pages 3. Among the different types of leadership styles, which style would be suitable to a democratic country like India to become superpower in business? Justify your answer. LEADERSHIP The only definition of a leader is someone who has followers. To gain followers requires influence but doesnt exclude the lack of integrity in achieving this. Indeed, it can be argued that several of the worlds greatest leaders have lacked integrity and have adopted values that would not be shared by manyRead MoreTypes Of Leadership Traits And Effective Leadership Styles That Will Be Best For Different Situations Essay1488 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesothers. A true leader is one who has the power, passion, and ability to guide others in the right direction. Leadership is having the control and will power to direct any group of people towards a common goal. There are several types of leadership traits and effective leadership styles that will be best for different situations. If leadership was easy, everyone would be doing it. Leadership requires more than just a few hopeful words and promises. It takes passionate and knowledgeable individuals
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In the 21st century, many American students are wondering why they are even going to college at all, which begs to question, what is the purpose of education in the 21st century. As with any big question, there are multiple takes on the higher education system in America. Walter Kirn, a Princeton Alumni, describes education as a Ã¢â¬Å"meritocracy,Ã¢â¬ where those with merit, or wealth in this case, can rise to the top, in a personal narrative Ã¢â¬â Lost in the Meritocracy - describing what education in the 21st century is. His experiences show us the life of an Ivy Leaguer in modern times, which is very different from the common portrayal of an Ivy League student. KirnÃ¢â¬â¢s experiences and life at Princeton comically contradict his own universityÃ¢â¬â¢s mission statement, while still highlighting the pressure put on Ivy League students with Ã¢â¬Å"an aptitude for showing aptitudeÃ¢â¬ (Kirn 143) KirnÃ¢â¬â¢s narrative shows the flaws and cracks in higher education, cr acks that Liz Coleman Ã¢â¬â former president of Bennington College Ã¢â¬â believes call for a reform of liberal arts education. In her TedTalk, Coleman shows us how to get education back to its roots, or what it should be. Using rhetorical devices created by Aristotle, pathos, appealing to emotion; ethos, appealing to expertise; or logos, appealing to logic; Kirn, Coleman, and various universities are able to convince the reader of their point of view. Whether it is the images of a broken education system, or the idealistic dreams of the universitiesShow MoreRelatedThe Problems With The 21st Century Education System1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAll around the world, people are trying to better education. New national standards are placed and standardized tests are becoming more difficult. As a current student in high school, with twelve years of an education background in the modern day school, I believe there are many problems with the 21st century education system. Two problems being, creativity is not fostered in schools and the most important thing to students is their GPA. Imagine living in a world, where creativity does not existRead MoreThe Program For International Student Assessment1193 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesaction to improve its science and technology education, President Obama recognized that our education system must be improved. In 1957 the Soviet Union became the first nation to launch the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s first satellite into orbit. Prior to the launch of Sputnik, the United States was complacent in its Ã¢â¬Å"number oneÃ¢â¬ mentalityÃ¢â¬âthe Sputnik launch shattered that we were lagging behind the USSR in science and technology. Fast forward to the current state of education in the United State; the PISA report wasRead MoreThe Nature Of Teaching And Learning1682 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesattributes considered necessary for life, study and work in the 21st Century. This report builds on that foundation by examining how to assess 21st centu ry competencies. The Queensland CurriculumÃ¢â¬â¢s Assessment Authority (QCAA) recommendation 18 states that in its specified assessments processes a greater focus on skills and attributes now being identified in senior secondary curricula as essential to life and work in the 21st Century (for example, teamwork, problem solving, creativity, verbal communication)Read MoreTechnology Is A Tool For Aid For Learning And Education1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesaid in learning and education. There is a realization that the current educational system is falling behind in the modern world. With todayÃ¢â¬â¢s technology-driven and interconnected world, a learning environment can be online, remote, virtual; in other words, it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t really have to be a place at all. Maybe a better way of thinking is that, a 21st century learning environment is a support system in which humans learn best. Since we canÃ¢â¬â¢t predict how technologies and education will evolve, the environmentRead MoreThe Importance Of Competencies For The 21st Century981 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages21st Century Skills The importance of competencies for the 21st century has led to fundamental questions about to what extent we provide the necessary knowledge base for children and youth to be competent in contemporary and future societies (Voogt et al., 2013). It is obvious that not only learners, but also teachers need to acquire 21st century competencies as well as become competent in supporting 21st century learning. Teachers need to be prepared for new pedagogical approaches that fit theRead MoreTeaching And Learning Of The 21st Century1098 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Teaching and learning in the 21st century Introduction Things are changing in this modern society at an epidemic rate. The world is starting to become much more interconnected and technology is constantly changing the world. We now live in an increasingly different, globalized, and complicated media saturated culture. So this Technological overthrow will have a greater change in education. Our students are facing many difficulties like increased population, climate changeRead MoreCritical Thinking And Problem Solving Skills1648 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCritical thinking and problem solving skills have epitomised education throughout history. As time has passed; the education system has become increasingly complex with the integration of learning theories, pedagogies, transformative learning spaces, behavioural management and most importantly; the evolution and role of technology. Learners within the 21st Century are experiencing an education where they are taught to collaboratively communicate and construct new understandings, while acquiri ng higherRead MoreSocial Change And The 21st Century Classroom1464 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesWhile 21st Century learning and teaching is always changing, it is as dynamic as the world around us. There are many factors including globalisation, social change and technology, which are driving changes in education, with a variety of positive and negative impacts on teaching and learning in the 21st Century. With ongoing changes in teaching practices, which in turn changes the attitudes of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s teachers and learners. A 21st century classroom is a productive environment where the teachers areRead MoreClassroom Is Not The Classroom Of Yesterday1050 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestechnology needs to account for the unique needs of all of our students and opportunities to make lessons more accessible to all learners. Technology can also provide multiple opportunities for feedback and assessment, which should be grounded in education as a process of life-long learning. Integrating technology ac ross the curriculum is the new direction and should be grounded in the discussion on essential skills and key learning competencies. To understand the need for integration, one can lookRead MoreTeacher s Role Of 21st Century : Personal Debate - Module / Week 51385 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTeacherÃ¢â¬â¢s Role in 21st Century: Personal Debate - Module/Week 5 The purpose of this paper is to fulfill the assignment objectives by clarifying the characteristics of a 21st century teacher, and considering them against the characteristics of the Ã¢â¬Å"traditionalÃ¢â¬ teacher. The writing will the work to evaluate whether the role of teachers in the 21st century is changing and if so, whether Ã¢â¬Å"traditionalÃ¢â¬ teachers versus those considered to be equipped with 21st century skills are going to be more or less
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the factors associated with the labor demand and supply in the context of Australia Post. Answer: Introduction Workforce and employee development are the major two parts of any business as the entire success of a business depend on it. In Australia improvement in labor market condition took place between the year 2015 to 2016 (Jobs.gov.au, 2018). During this year a strong growth in employment has been noticed in Australian labor market. This growth is due to the enhancement of part-time employment in Australian labor market. From June 2015 the unemployment rate in Australian began decreasing, which highlights the development on labor market. However, before 2015 there was a huge issue in Australian labor market as the unemployment rate was high. Official unemployment became increased by 6.4%. This condition was improved from June 2015. This study deals with the factors affecting labor supply and labor demand in the context of Australia Post. Factors affecting labor Demand Introduction of internet and information technology leaves a big impact on Australian labor market. As per the annual report of Australia Post it has been received that during the economic recession in the year 2009 customers switched to the cheaper process for their communication. This highlights the rapid use of mail as a media of communication. In the recent years, the Australian economy has been developing as a result, significant shifts from letters to email, SMS and internet communication has been noticed (Roberts Ottens, 2005). It was a big challenge for Australia Post to cope up with the changing economy and technology as various factors are associated with labor demand. One of the major factors is price of the firm's output (Ehrenberg Smith, 2016). Price of the firm's output affects the demand for a labor. Increase in the price of firms output also enhances the labor demand for an organization. In the context of Australia Post if their product price will increase then it w ill enhance the labor demand in this organization. Technology is another big factor that influences labor demand in an organization. However, an introduction of new technology often decreases the demand for some specific types of labor and increases the demand for other types of labor. Australia Post has faced the effect of emerging technology, which replaced the use of letter by email (Auspost.com.au, 2018). Introduction of the technology reduces the manual handling and increases the use of technology. As a result, many employees who have no technical knowledge are replaced by technical experts in Australia Post. This ensures that due to changing technology the demand for technical staffs become increased in Australian business industry. Changes in the product demand is a vital factor that affects the labor demand in an organization. However, if the demand for a product increases then the price of this product becomes increased. As a result, the workforces, which are associated with the manufacturing or delivering the product, become increased. Hence, the demand for the labor of this particular product is increased (De Bruecker et al., 2015). In the context of Australia Post, customers prefer to communicate via email and SMA rather than the letter. This leads this organization to hire more technical experts to enhance the communication process via modern technology. E-substitution is the new product of Australia Post, which needs more technical experts for its delivery. Market price and economic condition of a country is another crucial factor of labor demand. However, if the cost of labor force is high then the organizations try to cut the cost by reducing the workforce in an organization. On the other hand, if the economic condition of an organization is not good then labor demand becomes decreased as the organizations are not able to hire more employees (Ehrenberg Smith, 2016). In the context of Australia Post, labor demand in this organization began increasing from 2015 due to the high GDP of Australia. However, due to the high growth in business industry, Australia Post has started to recruit more labor to fulfill the current market demand. Factors affecting labor Supply Various factors are associated with the labor supply in Australia. One of the biggest factors is the government policy. It is important for an organization to follow the government policy to enhance the labor supply (Ehrenberg Smith, 2016). In the context of Australia Post, they need to follow The Fair Work Act 2009 policy get a good labor supply in their organization. According to this Act, Australia Post needs to give their concern towards the pay, working condition, and awards process to enhance their labor supply. However, it is crucial for Australia Post to fulfill all these aspects, which leads them to get a good supply of labor. Macroeconomic condition of a country also affects the supply of a labor. In Australia during the economic recession, the disposable income for consumers had been decreased as a result, buyers focused on the cheaper product and service (Farber, 2015). In the year 2009, due to the economic recession, Australia Post had faced decreased labor demand in th eir organization. Globalization is another factor that influences labor supply in an organization. However, globalization enhances the digital connectivity and makes the world more competitive (Blundell et al., 2016). In the recent years due to the introduction of new e-commerce giant, the volume of global parcel becomes increased. As a result, Australia Post is trying to adopt a clear strategy to grow their parcel business and optimize the core email operation process. In order to carry out this process, labor demand becomes increased as this organization as a high demand to recruit more technical experts to cope up with the emerging technology. Compensation is a big factor in labor supply (Keane Rogerson, 2015). However, in the year 2009, Australia had faced high economic recession which led the organizations to negotiate with the compensation of labor. This resisted Australia Postal to hire skilled employees to utilize the emerging technology during this time, as a result, the labor demand was dec reased. On the other hand, from the year 2015, the economic condition was starting to improve in Australia. This leads Australia Post to hire more skilled employee by giving them good compensation. This increased the labor supply in this country. Apart from this huge competition in the global market also increased the labor supply in Australia. Different types of workforce changes and their impact on existing and future job Among the different types of workforce changes one of the major changes is the entry of baby boomers in the business industry. However, this is an old generation and has much knowledge and patience to handle a work (Omrani, Valipour Emrouznejad, 2018). On the other hand, entry of the women in the business industry is another type of workforce change. Therefore, increasing rate of immigration is another type of workplace development that is seen in the recent years. Apart from this entry of young aged people as well as children is a crucial type of workforce change that can be observed in the recent years. Baby boomers or millennial are effective to enhance the existing and future job roles. However, mentoring role of boomers helps them to transfer their skill and knowledge to the younger colleagues. This will enhance the job role at present and future (Sherehiy Karwowski, 2014). On the other hand, women workers and child workers are low paid. In the recent years, the women have goo d skill and they are capable enough to complete a job. However, many organizations pay low to the women, which may decrease their labor forces and skill. On the other hand, emerging immigration in Australia allows the organizations to recruit more skilled employees in their organization. Therefore, the pay scale of immigrants is low in comparison to other employees. This will boost the existing job in Australia Post. Therefore, recruitment of more immigrants also valuable for the future job in this organization as it will increase the supply of skilled labor. Types of data and information that Australia Post needs to have access to ensure that the labor demand and supply are accurately understood Australia Post needs to review the GDP of Australia as based on which they can understand the flow of labor supply and rate of the labor demand. It is important for an organization to follow the strategic human resource management to understand the demand and supply of workforces (Nankervis, Compton Baird, 2008). In Australia the GDP was $251,716 million in the year 2017, which ensures the high GDP of this country. Therefore, Australia has ranked 11th position among the 49 countries those have high GDP. On the other hand, GNP or gross national income in Australia was 194383.36 AUD million in the year 2017. From this data, Australia Post can ensure that the unemployment rate is low in this country and labor demand is high. High rate of GNP highlights increased labor demand and supply (Khosla et al., 2011).NNP or net national product NNP of Australia was 432308 aud million, which is high. Introduction of NPP is a new payment structure of Australian economy (Stone, 2010). This will giv e a platform to Australia Post to carry out fast and data-rich payments while managing stakeholders. This enables this organization to transfer money to their customers quickly. To implement this process such organization needs more technical workforce. Hence, by using the above information Australia Post will be able to understand the demand and supply of labor in this country Conclusion The piece of work highlights different factors that are associated with labor demand and supply in Australia. However, it has been found that technology, economic factor, product demand and government policies have a great role in influencing the labor demand. On the other hand, globalization and compensation have a great impact on labor supply and demand. However, due to economic recession, Australia Post failed to negotiate with the compensation planning of the employees, which decreased the labor demand. On the other hand, high GDP will help this organization to provide good compensation as a result, labor demand increases. On the other hand, calculation of GDP, NNP, and GNP are vital for Australia Post to understand the rate of labor supply and demand References Auspost.com.au. (2018). Australia Post. Retrieved 31 March 2018, from https://auspost.com.au/ Blundell, R., Costa Dias, M., Meghir, C., Shaw, J. (2016). Female labor supply, human capital, and welfare reform. Econometrica, 84(5), 1705-1753. Carbery, R., Cross, C. (2015). Human Resource Development: A Concise Introduction. Palgrave. De Bruecker, P., Van den Bergh, J., Belin, J., Demeulemeester, E. (2015). Workforce planning incorporating skills: State of the art. European Journal of Operational Research, 243(1), 1-16. Ehrenberg, R. G., Smith, R. S. (2016). Modern labor economics: Theory and public policy. Routledge. Ehrenberg, R. G., Smith, R. S. (2016). Modern labor economics: Theory and public policy. Routledge. Farber, H. S. (2015). Why you cant find a taxi in the rain and other labor supply lessons from cab drivers. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 130(4), 1975-2026. Jobs.gov.au. (2018). ANALYSIS OF TRENDS IN THE AUSTRALIAN LABOUR MARKET. Retrieved 31 March 2018, from https://www.jobs.gov.au/annual-report-2016/analysis-trends-australian-labour-market Keane, M., Rogerson, R. (2015). Reconciling micro and macro labor supply elasticities: A structural perspective. Annu. Rev. Econ., 7(1), 89-117. Khosla, R., Chu, M. T., Yamada, K. G., Kuneida, K., Oga, S. (2011, July). Innovative embodiment of job interview in emotionally aware communication robot. In Neural Networks (IJCNN), The 2011 International Joint Conference on (pp. 1546-1552). IEEE Lichter, A., Peichl, A., Siegloch, S. (2015). The own-wage elasticity of labor demand: A meta-regression analysis. European Economic Review, 80, 94-119. Nankervis, A., Compton, R., Baird, M. (2008). Human resource planning in a changing environment. In A. Nankervis, R. Compton M. Baird,Human resource management: strategies and processses(7th ed., pp. 119-161). South Melbourne: Cengage Learning. Omrani, H., Valipour, M., Emrouznejad, A. (2018). Using Weighted Goal Programming Model for Planning Regional Sustainable Development to Optimal Workforce Allocation: An Application for Provinces of Iran. Social Indicators Research, 1-29. Roberts, A. R., Ottens, A. J. (2005). The seven-stage crisis intervention model: A road map to goal attainment, problem solving, and crisis resolution. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention, 5(4), 329. Sherehiy, B., Karwowski, W. (2014). The relationship between work organization and workforce agility in small manufacturing enterprises. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 44(3), 466-473. Stone, R. (2010).Human Resource Management 9E(pp. 50-79). Melbourne: Wiley.
Sunday, April 12, 2020
The rise and fall of Sean Quinn Recently former Irish billionaire filled for bankruptcy in Dublin court. Mr Quinn who was in 2008 listed as an Ireland richest man Ã¢â ¬4. 7 billion owned to Angolo Irish Bank Ã¢â ¬2. 8 billion by 2011. What was the reason for such a successful businessman to fall down so hard? Rise and downfall Sean Quinn, a son of former farmer, started his first business at age of 26 when he borrowed ? 100 to extract gravel and selling it to local builders. Since then he expanded his Quinn Group portfolio to insurance, glass, hotel, plastic and radiator industries. Having built empire, he was borrowing billions to gamble on the shares of Anglo Irish Bank, oping to turn quick profit. As recession started in 2008, Anglo Irish bankÃ¢â¬â¢s shares dropped value and the government nationalized the bank to prevent complete collapse. Sean Quinn lost his fortune and his business empire. Greediness and ethics In one of Sean QuinnÃ¢â¬â¢s interviews, he admitted that he only can be solely blamed for the downfall of his empire. We will write a custom essay sample on The Rise and Fall of Sean Quinn or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page He knew the risk he was taking versus the possible quick profit. So, what were the motives of his gambling business decision? Previous to his bankruptcy, Mr Quinn told in one of the interviews in 2007 that he has always been greedy person. Could it be that he lost all his fortune purely because of greediness? Sean Quinn had inner drive that nothing was enough to him, he wanted more and more and that is probably one of the reasons that his empire keep growing and he became richest until the downfall. But through out his career did he ignore ethics? I borrow a text from Tudor RichardÃ¢â¬â¢s book Ã¢â¬â Dilemmas of leadership: Ã¢â¬Å"For some leaders, matters of ethics arise as unwelcome intrusion in the pursuit of economic success. Nevertheless, such leaders have to find ways of assessing the risks facing companies that fall foul of regulatory guidelinesÃ¢â¬ (3) Sean QuinnÃ¢â¬â¢s gambling in Anglo bank share did not break any laws; however it brought up a discussion about ethnics. A good leader has to deal with the interests of his employees and shareholders and not only act on his own. There is no doubt that leaders should not ignore ethnics at work as it can have a negative impact on reputation and the brand of the company and possible have negative financial impact. Unanswered questions and the future of Sean Quinn There are still some unanswered questions of Mr QuinnÃ¢â¬â¢s fall, such as why did he invest in banking sector that he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t had any experience in past? Was he assuming that banking sector would be similar to other sectors he has done business? I personally experience this dilemma last year as I was moved from IT to financial sector to sell software licences. However financial sector was far more challenging that IT sector. The competition was more aggressive and the market was much matured and the profit margin was less compared to IT sector and I was less successful than I was expecting.
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
The Crimes of Child Killer Angela McAnulty Angela McAnulty sits on death row at the Coffee Creek Correctional Facility in Oregon after pleading guilty to the murder of her 15-year-old daughter Jeanette Maples, whom she literally tortured, beat, and starved to death. McAnulty also pled guilty to altering and destroying evidence in the case. Angela McAnultys Formative Years Angela McAnulty was born on October 2, 1968, in California. When she was 5 years old, her mother was murdered. She spent the remainder of her childhood living with her father and two brothers. Her father was abusive, often withholding food from the children as a form of punishment. At the age of 16, McAnulty began a relationship with a carnival worker and left home. It was during this time that she became involved with drugs. She later met Anthony Maples, with whom she had three children, two boys, Anthony Jr. and Brandon, and her daughter, Jeanette. She also had another child, a daughter named Patience, by another father. When Maples and McAnulty were incarcerated on drug charges, the children were placed in foster care. After her release from jail in 2001, McAnulty regained custody of Jeanette and Patience. In 2002, Angela met and married a long-haul truck driver named Richard McAnulty. They had a son soon after the marriage. By October 2006, the family relocated to Oregon, leaving Anthony Jr. and Brandon behind. The boys had sent letters to a judge requesting to stay in foster care rather than be returned to their abusive mother. Cries for Help Born on August 9, 1994, Jeanette Maples spent six of her first seven years in foster care prior to being returned to her mother. According to interviews with family members, Angela began abusing Jeanette soon after the two were reunited. Described as a good child, Jeanette attended public school and took her studies seriously. She was given perfect attendance awards in the seventh and eighth grade. However, in social interactions, Jeanette had a difficult time. Sent to school wearing torn, dirty tops and worn-out sweatpants, she was sometimes teased by her classmates. Despite her shyness, she managed to make a few friends, although she would only see them at school. Her mother did not allow her to invite friends to her home. In 2008, after a friend spotted several bruises on Jeanette during gym class, she admitted that her mother did not allow her to eat and that she was abused. The friend told her parents and Child Protection Services (CPS) was contacted but the agency representatives were reluctant to respond to what they called second-hand information. A teacher was contacted who spoke to Jeanette who again admitted to being abused. She said was terrified of her mother. The teacher contacted CPS and reported her concerns. CPS went to the McAnulty home but closed the case after McAnulty denied abusing her daughter and blamed the accusations on Jeanette, whom she described as a compulsive liar. McAnulty subsequently pulled Jeanette out of school, saying that she was going to home school her daughter. This left Jeanette completely isolated and greatly reduced any chances of her getting the help she so badly needed. In 2009 another call was made to the CPS, this time by an anonymous caller who later turned out to be Lee McAnulty, Jeanettes grandmother. She called CPS after seeing how grossly underweight Jeanette had become. The child also had a split lip, both conditions Angela McAnulty dismissed when it was suggested that she should take her daughter to a doctor. Over the following months, Jeanettes grandmother called CPS several times but the agency did not follow up on the calls. Her last call was made within days of Jeanettes death. The Death of Jeanette Maples On December 9, 2009, at around 8 p.m., Angela McAnulty told emergency personnel responding to a 9-1-1 call made from her home that her daughter Jeanette was not breathing. Paramedics found the small, thin-framed 15-year-old girl in the living room. Jeanettes hair was wet and she wasnt wearing a top. She had no pulse. McAnulty told the paramedics that Jeanette had fallen down and seemed fine an hour before she stopped breathing. However, a brief exam of the dying girl told a different story. Jeanette had multiple bruises on her face, cuts above her eye, and scars on her lips. She was so emaciated that she looked much younger than her age. Jeanette was transferred to the hospital where she was pronounced dead at 8:42 p.m. The Criminal Investigation At the hospital, Dr. Elizabeth Hilton examined Jeanette and found that her face was disfigured from severe bruising. There were scars and deep wounds on her head, legs and back, including an exposed femur. Her front teeth were broken and her lips were pulverized. It was determined that Jeanettes dehydrated, starved and beaten body was not a result of a simple fall. The police searched the McAnulty home and found a blood-splattered bedroom that family members admitted McAnulty tried to clean before calling 9-1-1 to come to the aid of her dying daughter. Richard McAnulty also admitted that Angela wanted to bury Jeanette rather than call 9-1-1 but he had insisted on calling for help. He made the call while Angela attempted to hide evidence of the abuse that had gone on inside the home. The two children in the McAnulty home were interviewed. Patience told police that Angela and Richard were starving Jeanette and that Angela beat Jeanette repeatedly. She later said that Richard and Angela often struck Jeanette across the mouth with shoes or their hands. Police Interview of Angela McAnulty During the first police interview, Angela McAnulty tried to convince detectives that Jeanettes injuries were caused by a fall. She said her husband was responsible for disciplining the children and that she had never hurt Angela. She changed her story only after investigators apprised her that they had spoken to other family members whod described the abuse Angela routinely inflicted on Jeanette. When questioned about Jeanettes dehydrated and starved condition, McAnulty said it was a result of ignorance, not neglect. She told detectives, The reason why shes so skinny, honest to God, is when she split her lip awhile back, I did not know exactly how to feed her. The investigators continued to challenge McAnultys version of the facts until she eventually broke and began to tell them what really happened. I did wrong, she said. I should never have spanked my daughter with a belt. I shouldnt have done that. That was horrible of me. I shouldnt have done any of that stuff that I did. I shouldnt have done hands up. I understand that. I am very sorry. I dont know how I can take it back. But when it came to what McAnulty assumed was the final blow that caused her daughters death, she refused to take the blame. I didnt do the injury on the head. I did not do that, she told detectives. I know that she probably died because of the injury on her head, through the skull when she fell down. I did not kill my daughter over a spanking. I didnt do that. McAnulty told detectives that maybe she should have taken up smoking to help relieve the stress that Jeanette caused. I guess the things she did just got to me, she went on to explain. I dont know. Honest to God, I dont know. Im sorry. I am sorry. Torture and Starvation Angela and Richard McAnulty were arrested and charged with aggravated murder by intentionally maiming and torturing Jeanette Maple. Based on the evidence found at the McAnulty home, autopsy reports, and interviews with the Angela and Richard McAnulty, their children, and other relatives, prosecutors determined that the following took place over the course of several months: McAnulty punished Jeanette regularly using different methods of abuse and torture. To hide the abuse from the other children in the home, she would bring Jeanette into her bedroom, later described by prosecutors as the torture room, turn on the vacuum cleaner to mask the sounds, force Jeanette to strip naked, and then she would repeatedly beat her with leather belts, sticks, and torture her with pliers.Tests on various objects found in the home would later show that they contained blood and pieces of Jeanettes flesh.Jeanette was deprived of food and water for days at a time. She was forced to drink water from the dogs bowl and the toilet bowl to quench her thirst.Dying tissue had been cut away, likely with a knife, from wounds that had become infected to the point of exposing bone on Jeanettes hip.Jeanette was forced to sleep on cardboard so that blood would not seep into the carpet. She was often left tied up after being beaten or forced to kneel with her arms behind her back as if handcuffed. McAnulty forced Patience to collect dog feces from the yard which McAnulty would smear over Jeanettes face and mouth.McAnulty forced Jeanette to stand facing the walls with her arms raised for hours at a time. Often she could only stand on one foot because her other foot was too injured from Angela stomping on it.Angela and Richard McAnulty hit Jeanette across the mouth with shoes and the backs of their hands, which pulverized her lips. Angela refused to get medical help for Jeanette which resulted in her lips healing from the inside out. The scar tissue that formed left her mouth deformed.McAnulty purposely beat Jeanette in areas that she had already caused severe damage, resulting in old wounds opening up and becoming infected. Ã¢â¬â¹Disturbing Testimony by Jeanette Maples Half Sister Ã¢â¬â¹According to testimony given by Patience, the half-sister of Jeanette Maples, Angela McAnulty began abusing Jeanette as soon as she regained custody of the child who was 7 years old at that time. Patience also spoke about an incident just days before Jeanette died, during which McAnulty showed her a wound about the size of a quarter on the back of Jeanettes head. McAnulty made the comment that if someone wasÃ Ã¢â¬Å"stabbed in the back of the head with a branch, it would cause brain damage.Ã¢â¬ Ã Patience went on to testify that by that time, Jeanette was acting strange and was incoherent. When asked about what she remembered during the time that Jeanette was first returned to McAnulty, Patience said that after McAnulty married Richard McAnulty in 2002, Jeanette was locked in a back bedroom so that she would Ã¢â¬Å"not really be part of the family.Ã¢â¬ She went on to describe how she witnessed both Angela and Richard abusing Jeanette, which including beating her with shoes and depriving her of food.Ã¢â¬â¹ Sentencing Angela McAnulty was sentenced to death for the torture and murder of her daughter. Richard McAnulty was sentenced to life in prison with no chance of parole until serving 25 years. He denied directly abusing Jeanette but admitted that he failed to protect her from her mother or to report the abuse to authorities. Anthony Maples v. Oregon Department of Human Services The State of Oregon agreed to pay $1.5 million to the estate of Jeanette Maples in a wrongful death lawsuit filed by her biological father, Anthony Maples, who was the sole heir to Jeanette Maples estate. It was determined that beginning in 2006, and ending with a call that was received the week before her death, CPS agents failed to investigate four reports of possible abuse of Jeanette Maples by her mother. Anthony Maples had no contact with his daughter for nearly 10 years prior to her murder, nor did he attend her memorial service. Under Oregon law, only a deceased persons parents, spouse, or children can be considered legal heirs. Siblings, who are not considered legal heirs, are unable to share in an estate.
Sunday, February 23, 2020
Prison Mental Health Services - Essay Example At mid-year 2005, more than half of all prison and jail inmates in the United States reported symptoms of a mental health problem within the last 12 months (James & Glaze, 2006).Among the state prison inmates nationwide, 43% reported symptoms that met criteria for mania, 23% reported symptoms of major depression, and 15% reported symptoms that met criteria for a psychotic disorder. (James & Glaze, 2006) Contributory factors to the higher prevalence rates of mental illness among individuals in prison include the criminalization of the mentally ill (Aderbigbe, 1977) and communication barriers between the criminal justice and mental health systems of care (Lamberti & Weisman, 2001). In addition, Satriano (2006) has described the social and contextual issues in the 1960's that were contributing factors to the imprisonment of seriously mentally ill persons, including deinstitutionalization of severely mentally ill persons in without adequate follow-up; rising levels of homelessness and substance abuse among mentally ill persons; and an anti-psychiatry movement led by Thomas Szasz and R. D. Lang who believed mental illness to be a myth and viewed psychosis to be a reactive response to a bad situation. Also, the criteria of dangerousness became necessary to involuntarily confine an individual, shifting the idea of commitment from a therapeutic concept to one that is protective of society. (Satriano, 2006) Most experts agree that the incarcerated population's mental health needs are grossly underprovided while they are incarcerated (Roskes et al., 1999). Mentally ill prisoners are more a risk for behavioral disturbances, acts of aggression, and disciplinary problems than non-mentally inmates (Rowen & Hayes, 1995). Untreated psychiatric symptoms are associated with assaults, self-injurious behavior, social withdrawal, and suicides within correctional facilities. (Hayes, 1995) The Supreme Court (Estelle vs. Gamble, 1976) established that it is unconstitutional under the eighth amendment to show indifference to the medical needs of prisoners. In Browning vs. Godwin (1977) it was determined that the right to medical treatment is not distinguishable from the right of mental health treatment. The American Psychiatric Association (2000) and the National Commission on Correctional Health Care (1999) recommend mental health screening at the time of prison intake. The efficacy of treatment for the disease of interest should be established before a standardized prison-based screening program is considered. Early treatment with psychotropic medication is critical to the successful treatment of patients with serious psychiatric disorders. In the disease of schizophrenia, for example, the recognition of early phase illness and vigorous treatment aimed at relapse prevention may improve long term prognosis (Keks, Mazumdar, & Shields, 2000). Specifically, early intervention with antipsychotic medications decreases the long term morbidity of schizophrenia (Wyatt, Damiani, & Henter, 1998) and leads to a 2.5 to 10-fold reduction in relapse rates among those given maintenance treatment with anti-psychotic medication (Davis, 1985). Other studies have shown that detection, treatment and symptom control improves rehabilitation outcomes and self-efficacy